Anyone who can walk to the welfare office can walk to work.
Al Capp

British Columbia

Earthquake Experiences in Vancouver

I happened to live in Japan four years. By statistics in the Tokyo area only the earthquakes happen once every day. Well, if you are on a train or in subway or on a bus you won’t feel like the earth trembling. However when at home once a week I was experiencing subtle shakes. It is a well known fact that Japan is a country of earthquakes and tsunami. What about Vancouver?

On the average, at least 75% of the world’s earthquakes each year occur around the rim of the Pacific Ocean, originating along the Aleutian Arc, the Philippine or southwest Pacific trench systems, the East Pacific Rise, and the San Andreas fault system in California. Vancouver is thought to be near the forward edge of one of the moving blocks, and thus it is reasonable to expect that residents will feel earthquakes from time to time.

One of the current explanations for the seismic activity along the western coast of North America, is that the continent, or American plate, is moving westward and somewhat north from a spreading centre in the mid-Atlantic. This huge plate, moving very slowly, is bumping against, or overriding, or sliding along a similar Pacific plate. There may be another smaller plate within the American plate which includes Vancouver Island. This hypothetical feature is called the Juan de Fuca plate; if it is an active, moving plate, it plays an important role in the earthquake experiences of the Vancouver district.

The first seismograph in this area was in Victoria in 1898; it was not very sensitive to the seismic waves of small local earthquakes, but did record a great many events. A seismograph was installed at Horseshoe Bay in West Vancouver in 1951, and for about 10 years it produced records of local earthquakes which could be correlated with data from the Port Alberni station and a re-instrumented Victoria station.

The first mention of an earthquake in the Vancouver district was in Fort Langley on November 23, 1827. Visual 8 lists the number of earthquakes felt in the Vancouver district from 1827 to date by decade. The list is considered to be incomplete, and represents a minimum number of tremors. The list of earthquakes suggests that in the Vancouver region small earthquakes, often in groups, can be felt on the average less frequently than once per year.

At irregular and infrequent intervals, Vancouver residents feel a much more severe earthquake. These events cause some discomfort to persons, especially in high buildings, and may do damage. This activity can be expected to continue at near the present rate of 5 per 100 years.

An earthquake on December 14, 1872 which had an epicentre east of Vancouver, south of the Fraser River, and possibly in Washington was felt very strongly over the whole region. Major landslides occurred in the Chilliwack area, and at Matsqui waves were seen on the ground. This was truly a major, earthquake with a magnitude of at least 7. An earthquake of a magnitude of at least 5 occurred at 3:44 p.m. on January II, 1909 in the San Juan Islands. It was generally felt over the Vancouver region and caused minor damage. A similar but slightly larger earthquake occurred at the same location on January 23, 1920. At 10: 15 on Sunday, June 23, 1946 the whole Vancouver Island region and the Lower Mainland were shaken by an earthquake of magnitude 7.3, which had an epi- centre at the north end of the Strait of Georgia. It was felt as far away as Penticton, and caused considerable damage in the epi- centre area near Courtenay, Powell River and as far away as Alberni. Chimneys were cracked or broken in Vancouver and Victoria. This is the earthquake that residents of Vancouver recall most vividly. The earth has been quiet in the Vancouver region since this date except for minor events in February 1969 and November 30, 1975. This most recent earthquake’s epi- centre was under the Strait of Georgia, mid-way between Vancouver Island and Point Grey. It had a magnitude of4.5 and its focal depth was small. A series of aftershocks were felt, one of which reached a magnitude of 3.5.

These was the earthquake Vancouverites felt with a jarring, rumbling, shaking or noisy movement. There are, however, regional earthquakes which are felt as a rolling or gentle vibratory motion. The event of magnitude 7 west of Estevan Point on the west coast of Vancouver Island on December 6, 1918; the event of magnitude 8 on the north end of the Queen Charlotte fault on August 21, 1949; the 2 events near Seattle of magnitude 7 and 6.5 on April 13, 1949 and April 29, 1965 respectively all were noticed in Vancouver, but because of the distance to the focus there was little damage In the Vancouver area.

Tsunamis are ocean waves generated by a large earthquake which disturbs the ocean floor. Fortunately the earthquakes in the Strait of Georgia have not generated tsunamis. Earthquakes around the Pacific rim do generate tsunamis which reach the Canadian coast, but only one had sufficient amplitude to cause damage; it reached Port Alberni after the huge Alaskan earthquake (magnitude 8.4) on Good Friday in 1964 and caused a great deal of damage at Port Alberni and elsewhere along Vancouver Island.

Moisha Grigoriants

BC Labour Market Report: Hairdressers

The latest research shows, that 80% of employers expect licensing for hairdressers. 40% expect workers are expected to have completed a vocational training program and/or licensing. This is the indicator that the best way for those devoted to the career of hairdresser is the combination of professional education and licensing in British Columbia.

According to statistics the growth rate for needing more hairdressers will be 20% less than the growth rate for all other professions.

The majority of vacancies for this position will occur as a result of people retiring or changing career.

Hairstyling is a profession leading to self-employment. It fits those people who possess an outgoing, personality-driver attitude and a strong ability in hairstyling.

The majority of specialists in the field develop allergy to all sorts of chemicals. The repetitive nature of work makes many professionals leave the career.

This occupation is not highly paid.

Those, considering hairdresser career as one of the easiest ways to get sustainable employment are likely to face the reality of not stable and low paid job.

But if you are persistent, get excellent vocational training and professional license, are highly motivated, and you love this job, you are likely to make an excellent career as hairdresser. This occupation has always space for the professional growth.

Below you can see the table, which reflects the numbers showing the future of this occupation in British Columbia. (According to the materials of BC Labour Market Report, 2013)

Growth Rate for All Occupations Number of Workers in 2008 Expected Number of Hairdressers in 2013 Growth Rate per Occupation
Lower Mainland 1.3% 5,680 5,960 1.0%
Fraser Valley 0.9% 760 790 0.7%
Greater Victoria 0.9% 980 1,000 0.6%
Central Vancouver Island 0.9% 410 420 0.7%
Northern Vancouver Island 0.9% 310 320 0.6%
East Kootenay 1.0% 180 180 0.0%
West Kootenay 0.9% 180 180 0.0%
Okanagan 1.0% 910 940 0.8%
Kamloops / Thompson Region 0.9% 400 410 0.6.%
Prince George / Cariboo Region 1.0% 350 360 0.6.%
Peace River / Northern B.C 0.9% 210 220 0.8%
Northwest BC / Queen Charlottes 0.9% 150 160 0.6.%
Total 1.1% 10,520 10,940 0.8%

Other BC Labour Market Info:

Professionals in Environmental Sector – FYI

Ekaterina Potekhina

Certified employment counselor

Member of Career Development Association of BC

Member of BC Translators and Interpreters Society

BC minister appointment

Vancouver – On January, 30th Premier Gordon Campbell announced the appointment of Nanaimo-Parksville MLA Ron Cantelon as Minister of Agriculture and Lands.

“Ron Cantelon has provided tremendous service to the people of British Columbia as an MLA and I want to thank him for taking on this position,” said Premier Campbell. “Ron has played an important role in the development of agriculture and aquaculture policy and his experience will help advance government’s priorities in this important area.”

“Agriculture, aquaculture and the management of Crown lands play an important role in British Columbia’s economy and I look forward to carrying on the great work of ministers such as Stan Hagen,” said Cantelon. “There is tremendous diversity and quality in British Columbia’s agriculture products and more and more people are taking pride in buying locally grown food.”

The Ministry of Agriculture and Lands is responsible for agriculture; aquaculture; food industry development; animal health and crop protection; food safety and quality; allocation of Crown land; commercial fisheries and fish processing; aquaculture licensing and regulation; soil management; weed control; crop insurance as well as the Integrated Land Management Bureau. The ministry is also responsible for the BC Farm Industry Review Board, Agriculture Land Commission, BC Wine Institute and Muskwa Kechika Advisory Board.

Cantelon was elected on May 17, 2005 in the riding of Nanaimo-Parksville. He has previously served on the B.C. Agriculture Plan Committee and the Special Committee on Sustainable Aquaculture. He currently serves as chair of the Select Standing Committee on Children and Youth and as chair of the Committee to Review the Personal Information Protection Act. He is also a member of the Select Standing Committee on Crown Corporations, the Special Committee of Selection, Treasury Board and the Government Caucus Committee on Social Development.

History of Burnaby, British Columbia

It happened so that Burnaby became a popular corner for new immigrants, especially from Eastern Europe to settle down. Metrotown and its Metropolis Mall are well known places. The Simon Fraser University is also located in Burnaby. Well, let’s give a closer look at the history of Burnaby.

In 1858 the Royal Engineers under the command of Col. Richard Moody came to western Canada. They opened up the North Road from Sapper Town (Sapperton) to Burrard Inlet.

By 1892 over 200 people lived in the southeast corner of the land between New Westminster and Vancouver. A group of interested citizens met to plan and submit to Victoria an application for a municipal charter. The response to the request was immediate, and the land officially received identity – Burnaby.

The name chosen for the municipality was that of a man who, strangely enough, spent only a few months on the mainland of B.C. Robert Burnaby arrived in Victoria in 1858 from England with a letter of introduction to Governor James Douglas. It seemed logical to Gov. Douglas that Burnaby with his knowledge of business gained from 17 years as a custom’s agent in England should act as secretary to Col. Moody. The arrangement lasted for 6 months, after which Burnaby started 2 mining companies and a navigation company, but all were financial failures. He then turned to banking and became a respected Victoria businessman. He also organized the first Freemason Lodge in B.C. in 1860. Robert Burnaby had resided in Victoria for 18 years when his health began to fail. Thus, he returned to his former home in England.

By 1896 it was deemed necessary to hire an enforcer of the law in the person of a Mr. Bailey. His duty was to admonish owners of pigs to keep their livestock from rooting and wallowing on the Vancouver-Westminster Rd. (Kingsway) and to enforce the wide tire by-law, which stated that wagons carrying one ton or more must have tires at least 4 inches wide.

In 1899 a mill built several years previously on the shores of Burrard Inlet, but never used, was activated. Known as the North Pacific Lumber Co. (later Barnet Mill), this mill, at the peak of its operation, was the largest of its kind in the British Empire.

By 1910, and up to about 1940, agriculture had taken over much of Burnaby’s land. Many residents went in for produce and small fruit farming. Burnaby was noted even in the early days for its strawberry crops.

In 1911–12 a population influx and real estate boom hit Burnaby. The municipality borrowed money to open up more land by installing sewers, waterworks and roads. Then World War I burst on the scene. Development in the municipality came to a standstill until the war ended and veterans came back to settle with their families.

During the 1920s jobs were scarce, taxes went unpaid and many people lost their homes as a result. Then the Depression came, and Burnaby, where the budget had not balanced for at least 6 years, found itself in financial trouble with no proper relief setup for the large number of unemployed within its bounds. For the destitute, municipal work was provided so that heads of families could earn their relief money. Under the program roadwork was done, several of Burnaby’s parks were created and a section of Burnaby Lake’s shore was cleared so that the International Rowing regattas could be held there in 1930-31.

Up to November 1932 relief investigations in Burnaby totalled 11,384 out of a population of approximately 25,500, although not all those who applied were eligible for aid.

During the 1930s industry began to take over Burnaby’s farmlands and unopened territory. As the municipality was gathering momentum in urban and industrial development, World War II broke out and progress was halted.

By 1941 the population of Burnaby was 30,328; by 1975 it had risen to approximately 133,000. The current population is more than 210,000. To meet the growing needs of municipal administration a new centrally located hall was planned on Canada Way and the cornerstone was laid in 1955. On top of Burnaby Mountain, Simon Fraser University took shape and was officially opened in 1965. The year before that another large educational complex, the B.C. Institute of Technology, was completed on Canada Way.

Lots of interesting facts can be told about Burnaby and its past and present. Myself, for example, I like to roller blade right under the sky-train Expo Line. At some places you can observe a really fantastic view on the city. Also you can roller blade on a trail starting from Cameron street near Lougheed Town Centre and go up to Hastings passing along the Golf Course closest to SFU. There are several bike trails in the woods on the Burnaby Mountain and some lead to SFU. They are of different difficulty levels, at some places going steep up the hill. Well, you can take a break, stop, and rest awhile. Why don’t you pick up some berries like blackberries or elderberries? You can also find a shroom and eat it up at the spot. You may also come across a cub bear or a coyote. Well, then what I’ll do is just give a whistle so the cub approach me, and pet him a little bit. Satisfied, the animal runs back into the woods wiggling his tale. How many miracles of nature do we have in Vancouver!

Mitch Grigori

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